Le Monache Carmelitane sono presenti stabilmente a Sutri dal 1452, anno in cui il papa Nicolò V, con la Bolla Cum Nulla, approvava ufficialmente la presenza dei Monasteri nei quali, le donne consacrate a Dio secondo il carisma carmelitano, potevano svolgere la loro vita di preghiera e lavoro. Abbracciata la Riforma Mantovana promossa dal beato carmelitano Battista Spagnoli, (secolo XV) e poi riassorbita nell’Ordine, le Monache hanno sempre cercato di approfondire nelle dinamiche di accoglienza reciproca, la sfumatura del carisma confermata dalla dedicazione di questo Monastero e della Chiesa alla SS.ma Concezione, già prima della proclamazione del dogma. Il desiderio di condividere la preziosa eredità ricevuta, ha portato gradualmente la Comunità ad organizzare incontri di spiritualità che con il tempo, sono divenuti incontri di formazione e di scambio di esperienze sulla vita eucaristica che si fa preghiera, in un contesto contemplativo che dialoga fraternamente con il contesto laico. Per la celebrazione del Cinquecentenario di S. Teresa d’Avila, è stata richiesta la nostra collaborazione per formulare schede formative utili al cammino del Terz’Ordine Carmelitano.
Accogliendo con gioia l’iniziativa, abbiamo immaginato un percorso semplice che potesse fornire spunti di approfondimento della spiritualità, partendo dalla straordinaria esperienza di questa Santa, “letta” al femminile e quindi presentata come Sorella vicina alla nostra sensibilità e alla nostra missione nella Chiesa. Questa pubblicazione è il frutto della sintesi di questo percorso.
indice: Santa Teresa di Gesù, Accogliere il Verbo, Epifania dell’amore, La vita in Cristo, Lo sguardo al Crocifisso, L’esperienza pasquale, La Fiamma di Santa Teresa, Nascosto con Cristo in Dio, In Missione per una Contemplazione che Evangelizza, In cammino verso la Patria Celeste.
This engaging work, written in a non-technical style, presents the relevance of the teachings of St. John of the Cross as a Way of Holiness for contemporary man. Making use of the principal symbols of the Carmelite Mystic: canticle, flame, dark night and mountain, the author engages in a dialogue with contemporary theology and spirituality, without undermining the contribution of Christian tradition and classical schools of thought in the interpretation of sanjuanist texts, in order to present a powerfully relevant and attractive spirituality for our times. It reveals a spirituality rooted in its Carmelite identity and open to the exigencies of the religious search of the present day.
Armed with a deep knowledge of St. John of the Cross and Carmelite Spirituality, and with admirable scholarship in the fields of Philosophy, Theology and Spirituality, the author engages the Carmelite Mystic and Doctor in a dialogue in order to reveal the simplicity and profundity of his teachings in a language that reveals the seriousness and urgency of his teachings at the same time their consistency in the wake of contemporary musings and studies on the relationship between the Absolute and Man. Parting from the aforementioned sanjuanist symbols, the author presents their directionality as a Way. Bereft of any pretension of exhaustiveness, this work is an exploration, an introduction whose aim is to clarify, to guide, to discover the richness and relevance of the spirituality hidden in the sanjuanist texts.
In five brief, though dense chapters, the author presents the beginnings or point of departure (Chapter 1), the main actor (Chapter 2), the goal (Chapter 3), the criteria and guide (Chapter 4) and the dynamic journey of the way to its completion (Chapter 5) thus revealing in a compact manner the highlights and principles of a classical spirituality who is open to dialogue and confrontation within the parameters of the contemporary search for the fulfillment of life in the light of the relationship with the Absolute or God, making use of categories and terms that all the more highlight the Christian and Carmelite heritage of St. John of the Cross himself, a Mystic and Master for the twenty-first century for all men in search for meaning.
The commentaries on the Saints (Acta Sanctorum) by Jean Bolland SJ and his fellow ‘Bollandists’ played a significant role in the development of critical hagiography during the seventeenth century. Because of the impact of its formal challenge to the claim by the Carmelites to have an unbroken succession linking them to their alleged founder, the Old Testament prophet, Elijah, Daniel Papenbroeck’s commentary on St Albert of Jerusalem (1675) has been perhaps the most influential of these commentaries. Demonstrating the lack of any historical evidence to support the existence of the Carmelites before the final decades of the twelfth century, and questioning the alleged antiquity of the authors who were cited in support of their existence, it recognised St Albert of Jerusalem (c. 1150-1214) Formula of Life (c. 1206-14) as the earliest extant document of the group who would later become known as the Carmelites. Although Papenbroeck’s dossier on St Albert was praised by those who reviewed it prior to publication, it led to a controversy between the Bollandists and the Carmelites that resulted in the formal excommunication of its author and the placing of the commentary on the index of forbidden books. In time, however, the lack of historical evidence highlighted by Papenbroeck could not be ignored and the alleged Carmelite Saints of the first millennium were eventually dropped from the Carmelite calendar of Saints. During the twentieth century, the Carmelites’ traditional claim to Elijah as their founder has effectively been abandoned and the key role of St Albert of Jerusalem in the origins of the Carmelites has been almost universally recognised. The central role of Papenbroeck’s text in clarifying our true origins and early history has only recently been recognised as misguided loyalty to traditions that have proved to be without foundation has given way to an appreciation that historically verifiable claims demand the verification of historical evidence. Papenbroeck’s Latin text has not been translated before and the introduction and notes accompanying this English translation are designed to provide the necessary context and background for the modern reader. For centuries, Papenbroeck was both the most significant and most neglected study of the origins of the Carmel Carmelites and it remains essential reading for those discerning the authentic sources of the Carmelite charism.
Balbino Velasco Bayón (O. Carm.) y Mauricio Herrero Jiménez, historiador de la Orden Carmelita y Profesor Titular de Paleografía de la Universidad de Valladolid, respectivamente, tienen en su haber numerosas publicaciones. Ambos son doctores en Filosofía y Letras. Junto a otros investigadores son coautores de la Colección documental de Cuéllar (934-1492), dos volúmenes de casi dos mil apretadas páginas, que está a punto ya de agotarse y que ha proporcionado una valiosa fuente de información para el conocimiento de los siglos medievales de la villa segoviana y su tierra. Vieron la luz en 2010. Con este motivo trabajaron una fecunda amistad de colaboración científica que ha cristalizado en dos volúmenes de las Actas de los Capítulos Provinciales de la Provincia Carmelita de Cataluña. Los autores se complacen en presentar a los estudiosos, en edición crítica, este interesante documento.
As with individuals, the origins and identity of the particular charism that gives rise to a Religious Order are closely intertwined. The Carmelites can trace their documented history back to the Formula of Life (c. 1206-14) that Albert, the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, addressed to some Latin hermits on Mount Carmel and to their leader, known only as ‘B.’ Originally a group of hermit-brothers living under obedience to their chosen Prior, the group were formally recognised as a Religious Order of hermit-brother-friars when Pope Innocent IV approved an adapted version of Albert’s Formula of Life as the Carmelite Rule in 1247. The following centuries witnessed the gradual rise and slow demise of the so-called ‘Elijan succession’, the claim that being founded on a monastic basis by the Old Testament prophet, Elijah, the Order had a much earlier origin (nine centuries before the Incarnation rather than twelve centuries after) and a different identity (monks rather than friars) than would have appeared to be the case during the middle years of the thirteenth century. The Elijan succession has had its critics and its supporters since it was first proposed and this book traces both its gradual emergence and its gradual decline following the advent of critical Hagiography from the late fifteenth century. As the Elijan succession grew to become the dominant tradition in the Order, the role of Patriarch Albert of Jerusalem in the foundation of the Carmelites was first sidelined and then obscured. By the sixteenth-century, for example, even such a significant Carmelite figure as St Teresa of Avila makes no mention of Albert in any of her extant writings. With the slow decline of the Elijan succession, however, Albert’s role has increasingly been recognised. Although, from an historical point of view, the Formula of Life is the foundation expression of the Carmelite charism and the two founding figures were Albert and ‘B.’, some preconceived notion of what founders should be seems to prevent many from recognising them as the founders and there are some who even claim that the Order has no founders at all. By presenting the whole process of development within the covers of a single volume, this book hopes to shed light on both the true nature of our origins and on the true nature of charismatic identity that is the common heritage of all Carmelites, an identity whose first expression Albert shaped so indelibly.
Quest’opera è una pietra miliare per la conoscenza della Storia e la Spiritualità Carmelitana e ancora attuale. Una sintesi, che dopo questa ristampa del libro a distanza di 22 anni dalla prima stampa or sono, è ancora attuale e moderno. La spiegazione sintetica e nello tesso tempo con immagini che ci fanno ritornare a rivivere l’esperienza dei Carmelitani nel corso dei secoli. P. Emanuele Boaga O.Carm. (1934-2013) ha saputo dare tutta la sua conoscenza in una sintesi rinnovata e moderna, con l’aiuto grafico di p. Riccardo Palazzi O.Carm. (1948-1999).
Storia del Carmelo, Scapolare Carmelitano, Abito Carmelitano, Madonna del Carmine, profeta Elia, Elia nella spiritualità carmeltana.
Ristampa Anastatica. 2015.