ill.-rstampa anastatica (aprile 2014). The book thus opens with a broad sweep covering the historical and religious environment of the eleventh to thirteenth centuries in 170 pages. It is not unlike that undertaken by, for example, Franco Dal Pino in his history of the Servites and indeed Mosca acknowledges his debt to him, though not to his work on the Servites (p.123, note 92). This chapter concentrates on juridical themes and on the founders and early rules closest to those of the Carmelites (p.140). This sort of synthesis is perhaps the most difficult form of history- writing, but the result is not very satisfactory. Much of it simply summarises the readily available work of others and Mosca constructs a deceptively simple and beguiling view of the medieval church. For example, the role of the papacy is modelled using normative texts without acknowledging the difficulties of implementation (on p.115 he records simply that the “verdict of the papal tribunal could substitute a government, or transfer its power,” as though this would not have been controversial). This section is also marked by an extraordinary absence of women, included only as an afterthought on pages 169-170.
critical edition with Introduction and notes by ADRIANUS STARING, O.CARM.
Prima ristampa: 2011
The medieval university can not be studied for any time without coming to the conclusion that the mendicant orders played an important role. Yet historians, beyond citing the friars’ scholastic traditions, seem rather vague concerning their corporate identity, their relationship with the educational institution, and their purpose in university study. This is especially true regarding the Carmelites, who were the last mendicants on the academic scene. To date there has been no major study published on the Carmelites at the medieval universities.
The German Carmelites at the universities began to take solid shape with a definite past, a practical reason for their university presence, and a clear role in the theology faculties. This study is a contribution both to the history of the educational and intellectual life of the medieval Carmelites and to a clearer understanding of their position within the medieval universities.
L’università medievale non può essere studiata per nessun tempo senza giungere alla conclusione che gli ordini mendicanti hanno svolto un ruolo importante. Eppure gli storici, oltre a citare le tradizioni scolastiche dei frati, sembrano piuttosto vaghe per quanto riguarda la loro identità istituzionale, il loro rapporto con l’istituto scolastico e il loro scopo nello studio universitario. Questo è particolarmente vero per quanto riguarda i Carmelitani, che erano gli ultimi mendicanti sulla scena accademica. Fino ad oggi non è stato pubblicato un importante studio sui Carmelitani nelle università medievali.
I carmelitani tedeschi presso le università cominciarono a prendere una presenza solida con un passato ben definito, un motivo pratico per la loro presenza universitaria e un ruolo chiaro nelle facoltà di teologia. Questo studio è un contributo sia alla storia della vita educativa e intellettuale dei Carmelitani medievali sia per una comprensione più chiara della loro posizione all’interno delle università medievali.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Part I. THE GERMAN CARMELITES AND MEDIEVAL EDUCATION
Chapter I. The Early Educational Development of the Carmelite Order and the Growth of the German Provinces.
II. The Distributive Educational System of the German Carmelites
III. The Studia Generalia and their Incorporated Relationship with the Universities.
Part II. THE GERMAN CARMELITES IN THE UNIVERSITIES
IV. The Leading Role of Paris University.
V. The Universities of Vienna and Cologn.
VI. Other Universities within the Empire.
VII. The Universities outside the Empire.
Part III. GERMAN CARMELITE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND MASTERS
VIII. Social History of the Students at the Studia Generalia and Universities.
IX. The Masters of Theology.
LIST OF TABLES
I. Syfridus de Niirnberga’s Career as a Philosophy Student
II. Theology Courses of Joannes Wilheimer of the Upper Province and Joannes de Argentina of the Lower Province
III. Mobility as Students and Student Teachers in the Careers of Two German Carmelites, Henricus de Montebuir of Boppard of the Lower Province and Georgius Lechel of Straubing of the Upper Province from 1439 to 1450.
IV. Teaching Positions and Mobility as Teachers in the, Careers of Two German Carmelites, Matthias de Wetzflaria of Mainz of the Lower Province and Paulus Schrotl of Neustadt a.d. Saale of the Upper Province from 1442-1447
V. Minimum Number of Students Assigned to the Studia Generalia by the Provinces in 1294
VI. Study Years of Three Students Studying at Various Studia Generalia from 1320-1327
VII. Career Comparison of Two German Carmelite Students in Theology Faculty of Paris University before and after Incorporation
VIII. Number of Known German Carmelites at Paris, 1281-1381 and 1429-1551
IX. Carmelites of Known Nationalities and Provinces Who Received the S.T.D. Degree at Paris from 1295-1381 and 1411-1551
X. Academic Careers of Two Carmelite Masters of Theology at the University of Vienna from 1451 to 1486
XI. Number of Known German Carmelites at the Studium Generale and the University of Vienna from 1385 to 1542
XII. Petrus Spitznagl’s Career as Student Teacher at the University of Cologne, at the Studium Generate, and other Places from 1426 to 1431
XIII. Scholastic Schools Among Degree Candidates in the Theology Faculty of the University of Cologne from 1467 to 1488
XIV. Number of Known German Carmelites at the Studium Generale and the University of Cologne from 1388 to 1555
XV. Number of Known German Carmelites at the Studium Generale and the University of Louvain from 1431 to 1555 294
XVI. Number of Known German Carmelites at the Studium Generale and the University of Trier from 1473 to 1555 305
XVII. Number of Known German Carmelites from the Lower German Province at the Studium Generale and the University of Mainz from 1477 to 1555
XVIII. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Heidelberg from 1423 until 1531
XIX. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Erfurt from 1433 until 1500
XX. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Rostock from 1454 until 1518
XXI. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Leipzig from 1456 until 1520
XXII. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Freiburg from 1463 until 1523
XXIII. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Ingolstadt from 1473 until 1530
XXIV. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Tubingen from 1481 until 1537
XXV. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Wittenberg from 1509 until 1527
XXVI. Number of Known German Carmelites at the Studium Generale and University of Toulouse from 1327 until 1529 .
XXVII. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Avignon and the Studium Generale 1324 until 1526
XXVIII. Number of German Carmelites of the Lower German Province at the University of Montpellier from 1319 to 1494
XXIX. Number of German Carmelites at the University of Bologna and the Studium Generale from 1380 to 1492
XXX. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Padua and the Studium Generale from 1436 to 1503
XXXI. Number of German Carmelites at the London Studium Generale and other English Carmelite Schools from 1312 to 1527
XXXII. Number of Known German Carmelites at the University of Cracow and the Studium Generale from 1403 to 1508
XXXIII. Master Table of 2495 Known German Carmelites Students and Teachers at the Medieval Universities
Prima Ristampa Anastatica 2017