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Janusz Janowiak O.carm was born in Lipnica Wielka, Poland, in 1974. He obtained his Doctorate in Biblical Theology from the Milltown Institute of Theology and Philosophy in Dublin, Ireland. He is a lecturer in Biblical Theology and Koine Greek at the St. Jozef Bilczewski Theological Institute in Lviv, Ukraine, and has published several articles on the authorship and origin of various biblical books. This engaging study offers unique insights into the difficult and sometimes controversial theme of God’s zeal and jealousy as taught in the Old Testament. Making use of the historical-critical method, the author presents the texts examined in this book against their historical background to reflect their development and conducts their exegetical and theological analysis. In this way, he demonstrates that this concept predominantly speaks of God who loves his people so much that he wants them to remain faithful to him and inspires them to give a positive response to his love.
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The second of the January volumes of the Bollandist critical hagiography known as the Acta Sanctorum was published in 1643 and it included the dossier on the fourteenth-century papal diplomat and Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, St. Peter Thomas O.Carm., compiled by Godfrey Henschen S.J. The dossier was in two parts, the first a critical review by Henschen of previous scholarship on the activity of St. Peter as papal legate and the second an edited transcript of the Life of St. Peter by his associate and friend, Philippe de Mézières, the Chancellor of the Kingdom of Cyprus, as found in the Cronicon Universale of Tierri Pauwels. Identifying the various later accounts of the Life of St. Peter Thomas and, in particular, those accounts by Carmelite authors that sought to represent him in a manner that was not consistent with the account by De Mézières, Henschen argues, for example, that the claim that St. Peter was martyred is inconsistent with the eye-witness acount of the last illness an death of the Saint by De Mézières. The Pauwels text on which Henschen bases his edition of the Life has, in more recent times, been recognised as flawed in some significant ways, and Henschen later revised the critical review that forms the first part of the present manuscript, but the 1643 dossier constitutes, nevertheless, the first truly critical study of the hagiography of St Peter and it continues to be the text that is most frequently mentioned and cited. This is the first English translation and edition of a document that is important, not only from the point of view of historiography, but also from the perspective of the history of the fourteenth-century. As far as possible, the various historical sources and individuals mentioned either in the Life of St. Peter or in the critical review by Henschen have been identified and indexed and notes have been provided to enable the modern reader to appreciate the significance of some obscure points in the text.
Moreover, the Carmelite Rule has had many interpretations and readings. It is true that in recent decades, scientific studies have multiplied and we can assert without exaggeration, that today we know the Rule better than in any other period in our history. Nevertheless, because of that very richness, those multiple dimensions and readings (Biblical, canonical, spiritual, literary, prophetic and so on), because of the possibilities that the Rule contains for different ages, and above all because it is a living text that is still spoken of today, new perspectives and studies are always welcome.
For these reasons, then, we welcome in the heart of the Carmelite family this book on the Carmelite Rule prepared by Michelle M. Sauer and Kevin Alban. This is a collection of articles that from many diverse points of view can help us understand better the deep and metahistorical sense of our Rule. Suffice to look at the table of contents to have an idea of the wealth of this book and its interdisciplinary character. The origins of this work go back to the VII centenary of the Rule which was celebrated in 2007. To mark that event a series of meetings and conferences were organised and among them was a study day on the Rule during the International Medieval Congress which takes place every year in the university of Leeds in the UK. Seeing the quality of the different papers, a possible publication was planned which has only been realised now for various reasons. We are all glad that the outcome of that study day can now be published and distributed to a wider public in the whole world, thanks to Edizioni Carmelitane in Rome.
Tabel of contents
Foreword: Fernando Millán Romeral
Introduction: Kevin J. Alban and Michelle M. Sauer
Part I: Devotion & the Rule
Patrick Mullins O.Carm.: The Carmelite Rule: Text and Authors
Patrick T. McMahon O.Carm.: The Hermit Community on Mount Carmel, c. 1207 CE
Markus Schürer: Monks, Mendicants, or Hermits: Who Were the Medieval Carmelites?
Paul Chandler O.Carm.: The Rule in the Context of Carmelite Identity Formation: Risking Existence, Establishing Identity
Michelle M. Sauer: The Fifteenth-Century Carmelite Rule of St. Linus for Hermits: Contexts, Controversies, and Albertine Influences
Part II: Orthodoxy & Dissent in England
Kevin J. Alban O.Carm.: Fighting Lollardy with the Rule: Thomas Netter and the Doctrinale
Valerie Edden: Visual Images as a Way of Defining Identity: The Case of the Reconstructed Carmelite Missal
Naoë Kuki ta Yoshik awa: Margery Kempe and Felip Ribot’s “Liber de institutione primorum monachorum”
Tamás Karáth: Richard Misyn’s Transmission of Rollean Mysticism within and beyond the Carmelite Community
William Rogers: “Homo vanitati adsimilatus:” The Performance of Poverty and Payment in Richard Maidstone’s Penitential Psalms
The Rule of Saint Albert
The biography is of considerable interest for the history of the fourteenth century. Though Mézières writes of his friend in terms of exaggerated praise, and though he tends to oversimplify motives and events, he is on the whole a trustworthy and at times a unique witness to many important occurences of his times. Historians have occasion to consult him regarding such questions as the history of Catholic Church in Serbia, the Veneto-Hungarian War of 1356-1358, the efforts at religious union made by John V Palaeologus, the league against the Turks of 1359-1362, the peace of Bologna of 1364, the expedition against Alexandria of 1365. Against this varied background is enacted the dramatic life of Peter Thomas, Carmelite friar, soldier, diplomat, saint.
La biografia è di notevole interesse per la storia del XIV secolo. Anche se Mézières scrive del suo amico, in termini di lodi esagerate, e anche se tende a semplificare le motivazioni e gli eventi, nel complesso è un affidabile e, a volte un testimone unico per molti avvenimenti importanti del suo tempo. Gli storici hanno occasione di consultarlo per quanto riguarda questioni come la storia della Chiesa cattolica in Serbia, la guerra veneto-ungherese del 1356-1358, gli sforzi di unione religiosa realizzati da Giovanni V Paleologo, la Lega contro i turchi del 1359-1362, la la pace di Bologna del 1364, la spedizione contro Alessandria del 1365. In questo variegato sfondo viene emanata la vita drammatica di Peter Thomas, frate carmelitano, soldato, diplomatico, santo.
*Prima Ristampa anastatica maggio 2016.
Via Sforza Pallavicini, 10
00193 Roma - Italia
COD. FISC.: 80044650580
PART. IVA: 02117031001
IBAN: IT67 Z076 0103 2000 0001 4069 009
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